How To Choose The Right Hiking Boots For You

Are you feeling adventurous enough to go for a hike and you just don’t know how to choose the right hiking boots? Worry less. Below we shall discuss some of the tips which can come in handy when choosing the right hiking boots.

Tips on choosing the right hiking boot

When you are going to shop for hiking boots, the top factors to consider include breathability, the weight of the hiking boots, resistance to water, and their durability. That said, here are more tips on how to choose the right hiking boots

1. Know the size of your feet

Before you go shopping for hiking boots, it is important to get your feet measured by a specialist, including the length, width and arc length. This is important in determining your feet volume so as to get the right size of your hiking boots.

2. Shop for the hiking boots at the end of the day

The various movements throughout the day always result to swelling of the feet. This means that your feet are largest at the end of the day. To get the right hiking boots, it is important to shop at this time so as to avoid getting hiking boots with a very tight fit.

3. Take your time in the hiking boots before buying them

Once you establish the hiking boots that you are interested in, don’t be in a hurry to leave. Take your time in them. Walk around the store while still wearing them so as to be sure about their fit and comfort.

4. Test their fit

A simple test to establish whether the hiking boots are the perfect fit for you is to tie the laces firmly. If there is still room on top of your foot, then that is the wrong boot size for you. If you are torn between two pairs with different fits and they both feel comfortable, go with the ones that are slightly bigger (but not too big). This also applies to when you are shopping for the hiking boots earlier in the day.

Other general rules for choosing the right hiking boots

Online shopping

If you are shopping online for hiking boots, it is advisable to use a brand you have used before. This will eliminate the last minute surprises of getting the wrong fit or getting less comfortable hiking boots. This article on the Ready Tribe website has some great information about the best boots under $200. Quality boots for a reasonable price – something we all like!

Consider the type of hike you are planning

This is important because day hiking boots are different from backpacking boots. If you are going for a short day hike, then it is best to consider hiking boots that are mid to high-cut. They are easier to break-in. On the other hand, backpacking boots are made with high-cut ends which tie at the ankle. They are specially designed to support heavy loads and are perfect for multi-day trips.

If you wear orthotics, it is important to come with them since they affect the overall fit of the hiking boots.

Final Word

There are still many tips on how to choose the right hiking boots which have not been covered here. However, all the tips discussed above are vital. One more important point that most hikers always overlook is that you should break in your hiking boots before the actual day of the hike. Sometimes you might be having the right size, but failing to break them in might results to blisters and sore feet. Good luck in choosing the right hiking boots!

Gun Sales Top Christmas Lists

With all the mass shootings in recent times and an increased perceived threat of terrorism, there has been a massive increase in gun sales during this holiday season. Although the Christmas period is always a good one for gun manufacturers, possible near future changes to gun laws instigated by President Obama have led an increased

Source: Gun Sales Top Christmas Lists by Robert Holder via Ready Tribe – Don't Just Survive, Thrive!.

Democratic Lawmaker Claims 72 Department Of Homeland Security Employees on US Terrorist Watch List

Earlier this month, there was heavy backing in the house of representatives of a GOP bill to increase refugee screening for the large influx of Iraqi and Syrian refugees coming into the US. A number of democrats decided to back the bill including Rep. Stephen Lynch (D., Mass.), a Democratic lawmaker. Following the vote, Lynch went

Source: Democratic Lawmaker Claims 72 Department Of Homeland Security Employees on US Terrorist Watch List by Robert Holder via Ready Tribe – Don't Just Survive, Thrive!.

Hypothermia Treatment: What To Do In An Emergency

Here at Ready Tribe, we like to try and help you be prepared for all sorts of situations. Treating hypothermia can quickly become an emergency situation so it is important that you know what to do if the situation arises. Remember too that not just people going out in cold weather get hypothermia. In the colder months we need to look after our elderly and very young too, especially if they are not active and spending a lot of time in cold rooms, concerned with not being able to pay their heating bills.

Effects of Temperature On The Body

To make sure our bodies function properly, a body temperature of 97 to 99°F (36 to 37°C) must be maintained. To achieve this, we adapt to different external conditions. If it is cold, we retain heat by wearing warm clothes and we can also create heat by eating high-energy foods. Prolonged exposure to extremes of temperature can severely damage the skin and other body tissues.

hypothermia - slow death

What Is Hypothermia?

Hypothermia occurs when the body temperature drops below 95° F (35°C), for example, in very cold weather or on expeditions. It is often caused by wearing unsuitable clothing in cold weather or by prolonged immersion in cold water. Elderly people can also get hypothermia if they spend lots of time in a poorly heated room in the cold weather.

The old and very young are the most vunerable as elderly people can be less aware of changes in temperature and young babies do not have a fully developed mechanism for temperature regulation. This means both age groups are easily affected and need extra care.

Signs and Symptoms Of Hypothermia

  • The casualty may become unconsciousness.
  • The skin may become very cold and pale, and they can’t control their body from shivering.
  • They may become clumsy and irritable.
  • When talking, speech may become slurred.
  • The casualty’s breathing may become slow and their pulse weakened.
  • They may show other signs of lethargy.

If You Can Get Your Casualty Indoors

Try to:

  • Stop loss of body heat.
  • Warm up the casualty.
  • Obtain medical aid.

To help with this, you will need to have a supply of dry and warm clothes, warm drinks and high-energy food like chocolate.

1. Get Them Changed Out Of Their Wet Clothing

If a casualty has been brought inside with wet clothing, get them changed into warm and dry clothes as soon as possible to help them warm up.  If thy are young and fit then they can take a bath to warm up. Try to make sure that the water should be a warm 104°F (40°C). If the casualty is elderly or is a young baby, get them warm by wrapping blankets around them so they slowly raise their core body temperature.

2. Put Them In Bed And Give Them Warm Drinks

Make sure you put the casualty into bed and give him or her warm drinks, such as soup, or high-energy foods such as chocolate. Cover their head to provide them additional warmth and then make sure you then seek medical advice and CALL A DOCTOR IMMEDIATELY.

For A Casualty Outdoors

Try to:

  • Stop the casualties body temperature falling further.
  • Make the casualty warmer.
  • Get medical assistance.

To help do this, you will need a survival bag, sleeping bag or blanket, warm, dry clothes and warm drinks and high energy food.

1. Make Them Stop And Rest Immediately

Stop what you are doing immediately and rest. You should not try to continue on in the hope that you can find shelter for the casualty. Insulate the casualty with extra clothing or a survival bag to raise their body temperature. If the casualty has wet clothing and you have dry clothing available, make sure they get changed ASAP. If you have other people in your group, send them ahead to get help immediately.

2. Shelter And Insulate The Casualty

Make a shelter for the casualty to protect them from the elements. Ensure they are wrapped up in a survival bag, blanket or a sleeping bag and get them to wear as much additional clothing as possible.

DO NOT use a hot water bottle or an electric blanket to attempt to warm the casualty.

DO NOT give the casualty any alcoholic drinks as this will lower their core temperature further.

3. Give The Casualty A Warm Drink.

Try to give the casualty a warm drink such as milk, tea, cocoa or soup, and some high-energy foods such as chocolate to raise their internal body temperature. Try to reassure and comfort them so that they remain calm and positive and do not begin to panic.

If the casualty loses consciousness, check their breathing and place them in the recovery position or on their side. If necessary, be ready to resuscitate them.

4. Check For Signs Of Frostbite.

Frostbite can happen when parts of the body such as fingers or toes become frozen due to extreme cold.

What Are The Signs And Symptoms Of Frostbite?

  • A prickling pain that is followed by a loss of feeling in the affected area.
  • Skin that has been affected will become very hard and first turn white, eventually turning blue and then black.

Try to:

  • Warm the affected area slowly in order to prevent further damage to the tissue.
  • Obtain medical aid as quickly as possible.

You will need a gauze bandage or dressing.


DO NOT thaw a frostbitten foot if further walking is necessary
DO NOT warm the frostbitten area with a hot water bottle.

Remove tight clothing around the affected area to allow better blood flow. This can include gloves and boots and other items such as rings. You should then warm the affected area slowly (hands in armpits is a good method) and then apply a loose dressing until the colour and feeling comes back.

5. Arrange For The Casualty To Be Transported.

Arrange to get the casualty to hospital using a stretcher. Do not let them walk or leave them alone.

Additional Reading:
How To Survive In Snow And Extreme Cold

Source: Hypothermia Treatment: What To Do In An Emergency by Robert Holder via Ready Tribe – Don't Just Survive, Thrive!.

How To Survive A Shark Attack – A Six Step Plan For Staying Safe In The Water

Although shark attacks are rare, and the risk is often minimal, they do still occur so here at Ready Tribe, we thought you guys and gals might like a few tips on what you can do to survive being attacked by a shark.

When these great sea beasts do attack it is usually because a shark is looking for non-human prey and/or they have become trapped and subsequently agitated at low tide, possibly between sandbars or inshore of a sandbank.  As there is always a risk, however slight, it is worth taking some minor precautions in order to mitigate that risk.

  • Try not to swim too far from the shore
  • Try and stay in groups as sharks are less likely to attack a group than an individual
  • Stay out of the water during a sharks most active periods i.e. in darkness and twilight
  • Never enter the water if you are bleeding from an open wound. Sharks are attracted to blood!
  • Do not wear shiny jewelry in the sea as this could resemble fish scales shimmering – prime shark prey
  • Get yourself a Shark Shield for additional safety

So what do you do if you see a shark in the water?

Step 1: Staying calm is vital!

Do your best to stay as calm as possible. There are only a small number of species of sharks that will attack humans when not provoked. They are generally bull sharks, tiger sharks, and great whites and it is not likely that you will be in the same vicinity as them! It is more likely that you will come face to face with one of the smaller species of sharks and it is unlikely they will attack you – as long as they do not feel threatened.

Step 2: Try and Swim away as smoothly as possible

If you do come across a shark in the water then you should swim away as quietly as possible.  Creating a commotion by screaming and splashing about may alert the shark to your presence and may also make them feel alarmed which could lead to them attacking you.

shark behavior


Step 3: Try And Take Cover

If the shark is displaying aggressive behavior and is swimming directly towards you then attempt to take cover against something so that you minimize the parts of your body that can be struck by the shark. If you are in the water with someone else then you may want to go back to back to help increase the chances of survival. If diving, head to the surface whilst remaining in a back to back  formation with your dive buddy.

Step 4: Make Sure You Fight Back!

if you fond that the shark is coming at you then fight back by kicking and punching it.  Aim for its areas of weakness such as its gills, eyes and nose.

Step 5: Make Sure You Help Other People

There is power in numbers so if you can scare the shark off when it is attacking someone else, do so.

Step 6: Don’t Let This Stop You Enjoying  Yourself In The Water

Although there is a risk of shark attack, it is a very minimal one so do not be put off from enjoying yourself in the sea. Below the video is some facts about shark attacks. Remember: your chances of being attacked by a shark are one in 11.5 million – pretty low odds!

Check out these cool Shark Attack facts from National Geographic:

  • 93% of shark attacks from 1580 to 2010 worldwide were on males.
  • In 2010, North American waters had 42% of all confirmed unprovoked shark attacks worldwide (32 attacks).
  • Surfers accounted for 50.8% of all attacks in 2010.
  • Swimmers and waders accounted for 38% of all attacks in 2010.
  • Snorkelers and divers accounted for 8% of all attacks in 2010.
  • Inflatable rafts and inner tubes accounted for 3% of all attacks in 2010.
  • 2010 was the most dangerous year for unprovoked shark attacks in a decade, with 79.
  • Over the last half-century, there have been more unprovoked shark attacks in Florida (27 out of a total 139) between 2 p.m. and 3 p.m. than at any other time of day.
  • New Smyrna Beach in Florida is the shark attack capital of the world according to International Shark Attack File. It is estimated that anyone who has swam there has been within 10 feet of a shark.
  • September is the month with the most shark attacks in Florida.
  • Since 1907, 201 out of 220 great white attacks have occurred when the human was less than 6 feet from the surface.
  • You have a 1 in 63 chance of dying from the flu and a 1 in 11 million chance of being killed by a shark during your lifetime.
  • Over 17,000 people die from falls each year. That’s a 1 in 218 chance over your lifetime, compared to a 1 in 11 million chance of being killed by a shark.
  • In 1996, toilets injured 43,000 Americans a year. Sharks injured 13.
  • In 1996, buckets and pails injured almost 11,000 Americans. Sharks injured 13.
  • In 1996, 2,600 Americans were injured by room fresheners. Sharks injured 13.
  • The U.S. averages just 19 shark attacks each year and one shark attack fatality every two years. Meanwhile, in the coastal states alone, lightning strikes and kills more than 37 people each year.
  • Since 1959, Florida has had more shark attacks (603) than lightning fatalities (459).
  • Since 1959, California has had more shark attacks (89) than lightning fatalities (30).
  • Since 1959, Hawaii has had 97 shark attacks but no lightning fatalities.
  • Only five people die from shark attacks yearly, while millions of people die from starvation.
  • Since 1905, Natal (where Durban is) has had 89 shark attacks and 27 fatalities.
  • For every human killed by a shark, humans kill approximately two million sharks.
  • Most shark attacks occur less than 100 feet from the shore, mainly around popular beaches in North America (especially Florida and Hawaii), Australia, and South Africa.
  • In 2008, a polar bear jaw was found in a Greenland shark’s stomach.

Source: How To Survive A Shark Attack – A Six Step Plan For Staying Safe In The Water by Robert Holder via Ready Tribe – Don't Just Survive, Thrive!.

How To Tie a Square Knot and the Four Times You Should NEVER Use Them

Here at Ready Tribe we like to try and bring you useful information that you can use in everyday life, as well as in a disaster or emergency situation. Today we are talking knots – specifically the square knot. If you want to know how to tie this beauty properly you can find our step by step guide below.

The square knot is one of the most familiar types of knot and is relatively easy to tie. It is often referred to by our British and Australian cousins as a reef knot and is a favorite of scouting groups across the world. It is a flat lying arrangement which can be very useful in situations such as tying bandages etc.

Although this kind of binding is widely used, it should never be used in a critical emergency situation as it can have a tendency to slip and even come unbound when lightly jiggled. It is vital that stronger knots should be utilized in critical situations or when supporting any weight.

What Are Square Knots Good For?

  • Tying down reefing and furling sails on a sailboat
  • Tying bandages and other first aid situations
  • Tying your shoelaces on your favorite hiking boots
  • Tying up parcels
  • Binding items together i.e. firewood

When Not To Use Them

  • Any critical or emergency situation VERY IMPORTANT
  • When supporting anything of weight – including yourself or another person!
  • When tying ropes of 2 different thicknesses together
  • When using nylon or other smooth rope material

How To Make A Square Knot

square knot pt1

Step 1. Pass the end of rope held in your right hand (Red rope) over the end in your left hand (Blue rope).

square knot pt2

Step 2. Pass the red rope underneath the blue rope.

square knot pt3

Step 3. Pass the red end back over the blue end

square knot pt4

Step 4. Repeat the process

square knot pt5

Step 5. Red end over and then under the blue end.

square knot pt6

Step 6. Finally, pull the red end back over the blue and pull tightly.

The finished reef knot should be relatively flat and look symmetrical in shape.




Add an extra half knot for a little bit more security.


The surgeons knot has an extra half turn in the first half that helps to reduce slipping. This is often used for stitching during an operation.


The granny knot is a result of tying the second part in the wrong direction .i.e. Instead of placing the red rope over the blue rope, it is tied underneath. The granny variation is even weaker than its correct cousin so if it isn’t flat and symmetrical then re-tie it.


The thief knot has the ends of both ropes on opposite sides. Legend has it that sailors would use this kind of fastening to see if anyone had tampered with their bundle of belongings. This is an extremely weak variety and is actually more difficult to tie than a normal square knot.

Have you seen our Ready Tribe guide to making a grass rope? Find it here.
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Watch The Video For A Full Demonstration

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Source: How To Tie a Square Knot and the Four Times You Should NEVER Use Them by Robert Holder via Ready Tribe – Don't Just Survive, Thrive!.